Imke Delara. Diamonds. May 22nd , 2017.
The controversy regarding the Kohinoor begins when the British invaded India. In 1851, when the British were truly well entrenched in India, the Chief Commissioner of the Punjab Province acquired the diamond. He dispatched the Kohinoor to Queen Victoria who decided to display it at the Crystal Palace Exhibition. While it was on display the Queen realized that if the humongous gem was re-cut it would look even more magnificent. It was promptly re-cut to a size of 105.62 carats. Today it is the prime gem in Queen Elizabeth's crown and resides in the Tower of London.
Every diamond has certain inclusions for e.g., clouds, lines etc. A flawless diamond is said to have no inclusions within it. Inclusions are traces of the leftover carbon on the diamond. The fewer the number of these imperfections, the better the value of the diamond which also appears "cleaner" to the eye or loupe. This will, in turn, enhance the brilliance of the light passing through the diamond.
☛ Therefore, mining in Canada meets the expected global standards of environmental protection. It also ensures that the Northern communities involved in the mining process in Canada are socially and economically benefited.
Special sea vessels with drilling, extraction, and processing facilities are built, that carry out this operation. The sea floor is probed for diamond deposits by specialized seabed crawlers, which employ hoses to lift up pay dirt. The seabed is also drilled, to access diamond rich gravel. The extracted gravel is airlifted to the coast for further processing. De Beers is the leader in global operations of this kind, with operational vessels off the coast of Namibia.
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