Diamonds. Friday , June 02nd , 2017 - 02:59:45 AM
Of all the various properties of a diamond, it is the cut that gives it the brilliance. It is the single most important characteristic and this gem gets its splendor from the light rays that enter it and get reflected back into the observer's eyes. In case this gemstone has been ideally cut, light rays enter the gem through the table, strikes the sides of the pavilion, makes its way out, and into the eyes of the observer through the table. However, if the cut is very shallow or deep, the light rays will not be able to reach the observer's eyes. Instead, they get lost from the sides or bottom of the gemstone. Since the cut is so important, these stones have been graded into the following categories:
The most important point to keep in mind about diamonds is that they have to be handled carefully. These expensive stones must be kept away from dirt, harsh chemicals and contact with coarse substances. If you wear a diamond ring daily (as in case of engagement or wedding ring), then it needs to be cleaned regularly. As the diamond is exposed to various materials used in your day-to-day activities, there are chances that they lose sheen due to accumulated dirt.
To extract diamond ore, that is embedded deep in the sea bed (marine littoral deposits), marine mining operations are carried out. Diamonds transported by rivers and deposited on the sea bed get buried over time. For example, the Orange river flowing through South Africa, has deposited diamonds on the Atlantic coast, for millions of years. In this type of mining, extraction involves drilling the sea floor to depths of 90 to 140 meters, to reach diamondiferous gravel.
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