Ella Naamah. Diamonds. June 14th , 2017.
Canada is a big player in the international diamond industry, and ranked amongst its top three producers (in terms of value) in 2007. The plus points of these precious stones are that they are of exceptional quality and 'conflict-free', i.e., they are not being used to finance terror, war, or weapons, as is being done in countries such as Sierra Leone and Angola.
Another twist to the Kohinoor tale is in the form of a curse upon all those who come in contact with it. The Shah of Persia died in a palace revolt trying to defend his treasures, including the Kohinoor. Most of the Indian empires that came into power suffered misfortune and misery, including Ranjit Singh, whose 8 descendants were unable to produce heirs and his entire royal line was eventually wiped out. The British overran the region with the support of Kharak Singh, but he himself died after one year of rule. After this Duleep Singh, the son of Ranjit Singh came into power. Subsequently he went into a war against the British, which he badly lost. According to the conditions of the peace treaty the Kohinoor was to be handed over to the British. Queen Victoria and Queen Elizabeth both wore the Kohinoor and neither of them fell prey to any misfortune. On the contrary, Queen Victoria's status improved on acquiring the diamond and on January 1, 1877 she became the Empress of India.
Another source for diamond formation is the materials with organic carbon (from the Earth's surface) that move into the Earth's mantle, due to subduction.
Before these precious gems are set into jewelry, they are valued and bought. The price one pays for them depends on the diamond's weight in carat, its cut, its color, and its clarity grade. These four qualities of diamonds are called the 4 C's of diamonds. Of these, the diamond's clarity depends on certain characteristics that the diamond acquires during its formation and retains even in the polished state.
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